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Copyright © 2008-2019 Paula DiTallo

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Windows

Server, Desktop, laptop processes, opsys

How Do I Open a Port in Windows 10 (refused connection) ?

If you are seeing the "connection refused" message when attempting to set up a localhost access port, the chances are good that the port is blocked from allowing connections through Windows. To open the port, follow these instructions:1. Navigate to Control Panel, System and Security and Windows Firewall.2. Select Advanced settings and highlight Inbound Rules in the left pane.3. Right click Inbound Rules and select New Rule.4. Add the port you need to open and click Next.5. Add the protocol (TCP ......

How can I get a list of what windows patches were installed?

For an effective, simple HTML formatted static list go into an MSDOS command window and type: wmic qfe list full /format:htable > c:\winpatches.htm

I can't remote into my Windows server. How do I do remote shutdown or remote restart?

Open up a windows command shell. Type in:
 
shutdown -r -t360 -m servname.onyourdomain.com

If you are looking for more information about this, check out this link






How do I find the largest files on my disk (storage)?

Here's an example using forfiles to scan your storage. This command line will look for files over 200mb on the C:\ drive after 1/1/2014.

forfiles /P C:\ /M *.* /S /D +"01/01/2014"  /C "cmd /c if @fsize gtr 209715200 echo @path @fsize @fdate @ftime"

For more information, check out Microsoft's examples and syntax page:

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc753551.aspx

Windows: How do I find what process is locking a file?

Open up an MSDOS command window. Type :net fileThe id, path, user name, loc# for the file will show up in a text list. Once you find the file you want unlock, you'll need to remember the id. To unlock the file, go back to the MSDOS command window. Type:net file 99/close (where 99 = file id)On a windows server there are 2 other ways:1. From an MSDOS command window type: Openfiles.exe /query /s YOUR_SERVER_NAME2. Server Manager>Roles>File Services> Share and Storage Management (right click ......

How do I route my SMTP outgoing mail through gmail (Google Mail) ?

Here is the quick answer: Go into your client e software (e.g. Outlook, Thunderbird, etc.) for the account you are working on (usually default). Set the SMTP server to smtp.gmail.com Set the username as your gmail account user name (e.g. myname@gmail.com). Gmail will need the username and password you use for that account, so if your default is set to some other email, be sure to set the username and password to that value, or click on the checkbox for username/password. Check TLS as the secure connection. ......

How do I know what version of IIS I am running?

I've encountered a LOT of posts on this--some of them represent a LOT of unnecessary work. Here's the simple way: 1. Navigate to Administrative Tools. 2. Go to Internet Information Services (IIS) 3. If you last looked at something, Navigate to ABOVE your server name -- where it says "Internet Information Services" 4. Look to the right. You should see something that looks like this: computer local version -------------------------- ------- ------------- YourComputerName yes IIS V6.0 You're DONE ......

How do I edit the registry in windows?

Please do NOT edit the registry without backing it up first, the results could be disasterous! Step 1: Back up the registry in Windows XP as follows: a. Go to Start>Run then type %SystemRoot%\system32\resto... Click OK. b. On the System Restore page, click "Create a restore point". Click Next . c. On the Create a Restore Point page, type a name for the restore point you will remember. Click Create d. Once created, click Close. NOTE: If the restore is turned off, you will see a message ......

Where is my Host file on Windows?

usually your host file (DNS/ip addresses) can be found under:

c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc

The Wrong Program is Active when I double Click on a File. How Do I Change it Back? (AKA: How do I change My File Type Association?)

This can be a really irritating problem when suddenly the EXCEL file on your desktop you used to double-click on no longer gets viewed via Microsoft EXCEL, but instead gets viewed through the Microsoft Excel READER program instead! In essence, either a new program you've installed has reset the file association, or you are working on a new computer that may have different software--overall, this area has to do with File Management/File Extension types. Here's what to do: In Windows XP: 1. Look for ......

Why do I get the error: "General failure. The URL was: [http text]. The system cannot find file specified" When I click a link from an Outlook Message?

In a nutshell, this is a FireFox last release issue. If Internet Explorer is not your default browser, go into the internet options page (under the gear icon in IE 7) , then go to the programs tab. Click on the 'Make Default' button, then 'Apply'. Try clicking on the link from your email message again. The message should now be gone. Raymond @ www.raymond.cc has a GREAT detailed blog entry on this issue explaining all of the reasons and conditions. http://www.raymond.cc/blog/... ......

Why am I getting the error: SQL Network Interfaces: The Local Security Authority cannot be contacted.[SQL Native Client]Cannot generate SSPI context

The full error message looks like this: [SNAC] “[SQL Native Client]SQL Network Interfaces: The Local Security Authority cannot be contacted.[SQL Native Client]Cannot generate SSPI context” [MDAC] “Cannot generate SSPI context”; [.Net1.0/2.0]” Failed System.Data.SqlClient.SqlEx... Cannot generate SSPI context” When this message occurs--especially when the same access 20 minutes ago worked, chances are you've logged off of your primary network. An example would be that at work you were using an ......

How do I view/see the PATH in a windows environment?

For those of you working with LINUX/UNIX and you've typed:

c:> echo $PATH

..in a command line expecting to see everything in your path on startup and saw only 'PATH', don't fret!

type this instead:

c:> echo %path%

 

Why am I getting the "operation has been canceled" message in Outllook?

If you are getting the message... This operation has been canceled due to restrictions in effect on this computer ...whenever you try to click on a hyperlink in a mail message when you are in Outlook or in a Word document, it is primarily because your default web browser has a 3rd-party setting that doesn't work and play well with Office products. For example if you are using the FireFox web browser, try changing the default web application to be Internet Explorer. To do this, follow these steps: ......

Where Can I Find Remote Desktop?

Remote Desktop is actually called mstsc.exe and can be found under: %SystemRoot%\system32  (Usually C:\Windows\system32.

Why does IE crash with this error "Microsoft Visual C++ Runtime Library Runtime error"/"R6025 pure virtual function call" ?

 

There are several possibilities, however one of the most common reasons is the combination of Internet Explorer version 7 and the Google Desktop/Toolbar. For some reason, the plugin does not seem to be compatible. Try removing the Google Desktop and/or Toolar.

 

Why won't my old x86 (32b) ASP .NET Applications work on my New x64 (64bit) Server?

I can't answer that question in detail, but I can say that on Windows 2003 servers under x64 you must explicitly set up IIS to Allow Web Service Extensions for ASP xxxxx (32) applications. In a console window, type: cscript %SYSTEMDRIVE%\adminscripts\... SET W3SVC/AppPools/Enable32bitA... 1 Then proceed with the following steps: Open IIS; Web Service Extensions Click on Allow All Web Service extensions for a specific application Choose ASP Net vX.Xxxxx (32) Click OK In a command window ......

Why Won't My Dell Latitude D820 Show Anything on My External Monitor?

On your keyboard you'll see the function 8 key (F8). This is the key that controls flip-flopping between lcd/crt. You'll also see another key near the control key [Ctrl] called FN. FN is the function key. Try this key sequence to invoke the second/external monior: FN + F8 (click these at the same time). This should wake up the monitor ......

How do I know if I'm running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows?

The most comprehensive guide to outlining the steps on what to do to find out is provided by Microsoft, located on their website under : http://support.microsoft.co... , but here's a cheat-sheet version to keep handy! XP or Windows Server 2003 Click Start>Run Type sysdm.cpl . Click OK Click the General tab. Look at the operating system. If the operating system has an x64 in it, then you are running a 64-bit version. If you do NOT see this, you are running the 32-bit version. Vista ......

How do I Configure Multiple Web Sites in IIS or How do I Add/Edit Host Headers?

You may need to map multiple web sites with the same port number or you may want to map an IP address that has been set to a netscaler vip/ip to multiple servers. IIS 6.0+ allows you to do that with a feature called Host Header Names. For the official details, review Microsoft's web site: http://support.microsoft.co... Here's how it works: Let's say you have a DNS entry called MetroDesignDev.LoadBalanced... @ ip address: 10.201.25.216 and one of the load balanced twins (ServerAlphaTwin) ......

How do I know how many processors my server is running with?

This would be a common question when trying to figure out licensing compliance in the corporate world!:-) Usually when folks are looking for information about processors, they're probably also interested in the number of cores too! Generally, the manufacturer--DELL, HP, etc. have managment tools on board that get you close--but the best tool out there that I know of for answering the "how many processors" and "how much core" question(s) is something called SIW (System Information for Hardware) . ......

My *.chm help files are broken, how do I fix it?

You may have discovered this when you were attempting to rummage through Internet Explorer's help files, or perhaps you've just downloaded a help file from another vendor with the *.chm file type. In either case you'll see something that looks like this: This was either caused by a Microsoft Security upgrade or by installing Microsft Windows Server 2003 SP1 which included changes to the InfoTech protocol that blocked the ability to view remote content. To correct this, execute the following steps: ......

Outlook 2007 Business Contact Manager Fails to Initialize the Common Language Runtime, Why?

If you are seeing the message: Business Contact Manager failed to initialize the Common Language Runtime. ECall methods must be packaged into a subsystem module, BCM isn't really the trouble. You are getting this message because on or around April 11, 2008 an automatic update from Microsoft downloaded a damaged component of the Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0. On the bright side, today is May 20, 2008 and a patch has already been downloaded on an automatic update. You'll just have to repair it! To repair ......

Why do EDI permissions fail in BizTalk?

I am getting the message: "Unable to set permissions on the shared documents home folder" This is probably happening because the needed membership in the security groups for EDI/SQL roles aren't set up all the way through, it is likely some of it is set up already and some of it isn't -- so when your bts service account is trying to execute EDI, you see this sort of error. To correct this, try these quick few steps first. If all else fails, Microsoft has an online reference: http://msdn2.microsoft.com/... ......

My USB keeps changing drive letters, why?

Unless you configure the drive from a few levels under Administrative Tools, the drive will appear to randomly select a letter. For example, one day when you plug your USB drive in, you'll see E: and on another occassion you'll see F:. It's not really random--its actually tied to which USB ports are available and the internal definitions of the ports by sequence. This can be troublesome should you have shortcuts on your desktop that point to programs on your USB drive. The install packages would ......

My window is cut-off or truncated. Why?

If an application window, like the one to the left, keeps you from being able to enter data because it cannot be maximized or it is not enabled to scroll up or down, it is usually because the programmer made some assumptions about the display settings. To compensate for that, you'll have to change the display settings on your computer. To do this, follow these steps: 1. Start>Control Panel>Display> Appearance>Color Scheme 2. Choose something like Desert, which displays at a smaller font. ......

What is an "event storm"?

Loosely stated, an event storm is a large number of warming, informational and error class occurrances on a given node (or array of nodes) over a relatively short period of time. Since these events must be detected and addressed to improve the health and reliability of any given system, a whole science and collection of supporting applications exist to best manage these occurrances. The best academic abstract/whitepaper I've seen on the topic comes from Mouayad Albaghdadi, Bruce Briley and Martha ......

Why do I get a "load file or assembly" error?

If you are getting an error when attempting to access your ASP .NET application that looks like: Parser Error Message: Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Extensions, Version=1.0.61025.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad36... or one of its dependencies. The system cannot find the file specified. You are probably missing AJAX v1.0 ......